Friday, October 9, 2009

Assalamualaikum and Peace be upon all of you.
Welcome to my blog.

Royal segment today will cover the Perakian Royal Family. We already cover 7 royal families and only 2 to go. The Perak Royal Family among the oldest in Malaysia. The family is descendant to the last Sultan of Malacca. Unofficially, the Perak Royal Family is the symbol to Malay beauties as many of the member of the royal family are undeniably handsome and beautiful. The ruler of Perak is style as HRH Sultan of Perak.

The 34th Sultan of Perak was HRH Sultan Azlan Muhibbudin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullah. He ascended the throne of Perak in 1984 and celebrate his Silver Jubilee of his reign in 2009. He died on 28 April 2014 after ruling the State for a glorious 30 years.

The consort to the Sultan of Perak is styled according to her bloodline. Consort of royal blood is styled as Raja Perempuan of Perak (literally Queen regnant of Perak), while commoner consort is styled as Raja Permaisuri of Perak (literally Queen consort of Perak). The current consort to Sultan Azlan is styled as HRH Raja Permaisuri of Perak, Tuanku Bainun binti Mohd Ali.

After the death of Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, his first son, Raja Dr. Nazrin Shah was proclaimed as the 35th Sultan of Perak and styled as Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah.


The history of the state of Perak (Negeri Perak Dar ur-Ridzwan) begins in 1528 with the installation of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I, a descendent of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Malacca. The dynasty is thus directly descended from the old ruling house of Malacca. The lucky start to the dynasty's history did not last long as the the country was soon prey to competing Empires, Aceh, Bugis, Portuguese, Dutch, Siamese and eventually British. On two occasions, the Sultan and Royal family were carried off to Aceh, in Sumatra. The discovery of the richest tin deposits in the world in 1824 drew in a huge influx of immigrants, particularly Chinese. Coupled with complicated rules of succession to the Sultanate and powerful territorial nobles, a degree of social and political turmoil was inevitable. British intervention in 1874 brought about a semblance of compromise, when the then ruling Sultan (a usurpur) was induced to abdicate in favour of the rightful heir, in return for a pension.

A British Resident came to advise the Sultan and an Indian recruited military police force was established. However, the new Resident did not prove popular and was assassinated in 1875. Unfortunately, the newly installed Sultan had been implicated in the affair, so found himself deposed and exiled to the Seychelles. A regent was appointed in his stead, and eventually allowed to become Sultan, ten years later. He died within a month of his new sovereign status. His successor, Sultan Idris, proved to be one of the wisest and forward thinking Malays of his generation. The state greatly prospered and developed under his benign rule, finances were brought under control, and the first steps towards federation taken. Perak was one of the first states to form the Federated Malay States in 1897. However, the state suffered a great deal from the slump in rubber prices, following the end of Great War. Although Idris died in 1916, his successors proved to be equally advanced in their views. Sultan Alang Iskandar Shah, had served in the FMS police and took a leading part in the establishment of the Royal Malay Regiment in the 1930s. Perak was invaded and conquered by the Japanese on New Year's Day 1942. Fortunately perhaps, Sultan Abdulazziz, was not one of the rulers deposed by them.

The state joined the federation on 1st February 1948. It joined the other states of the peninsular to form the independent Federation of Malaya on 31st August 1957, and became a state of Malaysia on 16th September 1963



Sultan Azlan Shah married with Tuanku Bainun and their married is blessed with 5 children, two Princes and three Princesses.

  1. Raja Nazrin Shah (1956)
  2. Raja Azureen (1957)
  3. Raja Ashman Shah (1958 - 2012)
  4. Raja Elena (1960)
  5. Raja Yong Sofia (1961)


The official Palace to the Sultan of Peark is Istana Iskandariah (Iskandariah Palace) located at Royal City Kuala Kangsar, Perak.




The rules of succession are more complicated than other Malay states. The reigning Sultan appoints princes of the blood (Waris negri) to certain high princely titles for life. They are arranged in a strict order of precedence indicating the order of succession to the throne. The relative precedence of these titles has altered from time to time, and additional titles have been included and removed. However, the current order, as confirmed on 25th February 1953, stands as follows:

Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam Negara Perak Dar ur-Ridzwan
Raja di-Hilir.
Raja Kechil Besar.
Raja Kechil Sulong.
Raja Kechil Tengah.
Raja Kechil Bongsu.

On the death or promotion of an existing titleholder, the holder of the next most senior title, succeeds. On the death of a reigning Sultan, the prince holding the title of Raja Muda, the senior prince in the hierarchy succeeds him. The prince enjoying the title of Raja di-Hiler, becomes the new Raja Muda. The Raja Kechil Besar, becomes Raja di-Hiler, and so on. The new Sultan may then appoint his own nominee to the junior-most title made vacant by these successions.

(In other word, the first prince of a monarch is not necessary become the heir apparent to the throne. Your journey to the throne start if the reigning Sultan chooses you to become Raja Kechil Bongsu. When the upper seat vacant, you will promoted as Raja Kechil Tengah. Then, Raja Kechil Sulong. Up to Raja Kechil Besar. Up to Raja Di Hilir. And finally Raja Muda the heir apparent to the throne. The question now is, can you live long enough to be proclaimed as Sultan.)

**The inheritance line

  1. Raja Nazrin Shah ibni Sultan Azlan (1987 - present), Raja Muda of Perak
  2. Raja Jaafar bin Raja Musa, Raja Di Hilir
  3. Raja Iskandar Zulkarnain ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris, Raja Kecil Besar
  4. (vacant), Raja Kecil Sulong
  5. Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah bin Raja Ashman Shah, Raja Kecil Tengah
  6. (vacant), Raja Kecil Bongsu
**Subject to changes


Some of the pictures of the royal family

Raja Muda of Perak (Crown Prince of Perak), Raja Nazrin Shah

Raja Puan Besar Perak, (Crown Princess of Perak), Tuanku Zara Salim Davidson

Raja di Hilir (2nd Inheritance Prince), Raja Jaafar

Raja Puan Muda of Perak (wife to 2nd Inheritance Prince),
Raja Nor Mahani

Sultan Azlan Shah in his 21. (picture from Jabatan Perkhidmatan Penerangan Malaysia)


Putra Blog said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Radin87 said...

Thanks for your support

hashim said...

Some correction if you may...H.H. Raja Datuk Sri Nazrin Shah bin Sultan 'Azlan Shah was appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam on 15th April 1987, on the death of H.H. Raja Muda Datuk Sri Raja Ahmad Shiff ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Iskandar Shah al-Kaddasu'llah..

On the death of Almarhum Sultan Idris II, Raja Muda Azlan Shah succeeded the throne and the other title during that time (1984)was:

1) Raja Muda- Datuk Sri Raja Ahmad Shiff ud-din ibni almarhum Sultan Iskandar

2) Raja di-Hiler- Y.A.M. Raja Dato' Sri Ahmad Hisham bin Raja 'Abdu'l-Malik (1978-1997)

3) Raja Kechil Besar- Raja Nazrin Shah (1984-1987)

4) Raja Kechil Sulong- Y.A.M. Raja Datuk Sri Haji Izz ud-din Iskandar Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris II (1983-1987)

5) Raja Kechil Tengah - D.Y.A.M. Raja Datuk Sri Ja'afar bin Raja Muda Musa (1984-1988)

6) Raja Kechil Bongsu - Y.A.M. Raja Dato' Sri Iskandar Zulkarnain ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris (1984-1987)

Malaysia Child said...

Sultan Azlan Shah in his 21. So Handsome.

Anonymous said...

Would like to know why was the late Raja Baharom never appointed to be in line to the Perak throne?

Radin87 said...

According to history, Raja Baharom denied the position of becoming the heir to the throne, thus the position been given to his brother, HH Raja Azlan Shah...

Unknown said...

Very good job and very informative website. It would be better if some correction be made to some english grammatical errors. Otherwise I had an interesting read. Thank you!


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