Saturday, September 12, 2009

Kedah Royal Family

Assalamualaikum and Peace be upon all of you.
Welcome to my blog.

Today royal segment will cover about Kedah Royal Family. If Perlis Royal Family is the youngest in Malaysia, the lineage of Kedah Royal Family is the oldest in Malaysia. The ruler of Kedah is styled as HRH Sultan of Kedah.

The current Sultan of Kedah is HRH Sultan Abd Halim Muazzam Shah Ibni almarhum Sultan Badlishah. He is the 30th Sultan of Kedah. His reign started since 1958 and celebrated golden jubilee of his administration in 2008.

The consort to the ruler of Kedah is styled as HRH Sultanah of Kedah. The current holder is HRH Sultanah Haminah binti Hj Hamidon.


As the Sultan Abdul Halim currently served as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the Supreme Ruler) of Malaysia, a Regency Council was appointed by the Sultan consist of 4 members to rule the state on the absence of the Sultan. The members are :-

  1. His Royal Highness the Tunku Bendahara of Kedah, Tunku Annuar ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah. The Chairman of the Regency Council. (Died)
  2. His Royal Highness the Tunku Temenggong of Kedah, Tunku Sallehuddin ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah.
  3. His Royal Highness the Tunku Laksamana of Kedah, Tunku Abdul Hamid Thani ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah.
  4. Her Royal Highness the Tunku Panglima Besar of Kedah, Tunku Puteri Intan Shafinaz binti Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah.


The Royal House of Kedah is of great antiquity, originating in the Hindu age, and said to have been founded by a Prince from Sri Lanka. Eight generations of the family ruled over the state before the conversion to Islam in 1136. The state frequently fell to superior Siamese forces. Fearing another such invasion, Sultan Abdullah al-Mukarram Shah negotiated a Treaty of Friendship and Alliance with the HEIC in 1786, this entailed the cession of Pinang. The Siamese were forestalled for a time, but struck hard in 1821 and annexed the sultanate. After a severe financial crisis, Kedah was transferred to British sovereignty on 16th July 1909.

The then Sultan, Ahmad Taj ud-din III al-Mukarram Shah, had already reigned for 27 years and was set to reign for a further 34. Without financial acumen of any kind, a series of Royal Regents ruled in his stead for much of his reign. During the Japanese invasion, the seventy-seven year old Sultan fled into the jungles on the back of one of his eighteen sons. One of these was to become the first Prime Minister of the Malaya and Commonwealth and world-famous statesman, Tunku 'Abdu'l Rahman. Others were distinguished diplomats, civil servants and military officers. Sultan Ahmad Taj ud-din's grandson, Sultan al-Mu'tasimu Billah Muhib ud-din Alhaj 'Abdu'l Halim Mu'azzam Shah, ascended the throne in 1958 and served as King of the Federation from 1970 to 1975.

Sultan of Kedah and family, Tunku Intan Shafinaz (in yellow) and Tunku Soraya (in red) and husband Raja Iskandar Zulkarnain ibni Sultan Idris Afifillah

Sultan Abd Halim Muadzam Shah married twice, First with Almarhumah Sultanah Bahiyah binti Tuanku Abd Rahman (d. 2003) and second with Sultanah Haminah Hamidon. His marriage is blessed with a daughter, which is his daughter with Sultanah Bahiyah. The Sultan and the late Sultanah Bahiyah also adopted two daughters.

  1. Tunku Intan Shafinaz (1966)

  1. Tunku Sarina (1960 - 1991)
  2. Tunku Soraya (1960)


Official palace and royal seat to the Sultan of Kedah is Istana Anak Bukit (Anak Bukit Palace) located at the royal town of Anak Bukit, Kedah. The Istana Anak Bukit is the largest palace in northern peninsular.

Istana Anak Bukit


Male primogeniture amongst the Kedah Royal Family. The Sultan, and his successor, must be adherents of the Islamic faith :-

**line of successions

  1. Tunku Abd Malik Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, Raja Muda Kedah
  2. Colonel Tunku Salehuddin ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, Tengku Paduka Maharaja Temenggong Anggota Desa
  3. Tunku Sarafuddin Badlishah bin Tunku Salehuddin
  4. Tunku Abd Hamid Thani ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, Tengku Laksamana
**subject to changes
The late Tunku Annuar ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah were survived by three sons. 
i) Tunku Putra Badlishah bin Tunku Annuar Al-Haj
ii) Tunku Johanez bin Tunku Annuar Al-Haj
iii) Tunku Azudin Shah bin Tunku Annuar Al-Haj
Their status in the line of succession is unknown. Possibly by-passed if according to Malay customs where the brother of the Sultan to succeed first.

Some of the pictures of the royal family.

i) The picture of HM the Sultan of Kedah and HM the Sultanah of Kedah and his only child, HRH the Tunku Panglima Besar of Kedah

Sultan dan Sultanah kedah
Sultan Abd Halim and Sultanah Haminah during golden jubilee celebration

HRH Tunku Putri Intan Shafinaz ibni Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah

ii) His Royal Highness the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Kedah and wife, HRH Raja Puan Muda (Crown Princess) of Kedah

HRH Tunku Abdul Malik bin Almarhum Sultan Badlishah and HRH Tunku Raudzah binti almarhum Sultan Hishamuddin

iii) His Royal Highness the Tunku Bendahara of Kedah and wife, Toh Puan Bendahara of Kedah, and his sons.

HRH Tunku Annuar ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah and Toh Puan Noor Suzanna Abdullah

HH Dato' Tunku Putra Badlishah, eldest son of HRH Tunku Annuar

HH Tunku Johanez bin HRH Tunku Annuar

iv) His Royal Highness the Tunku Temenggong of Kedah, Tunku Salehuddin ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah and wife.

v) His Royal Highness the Tunku Laksamana of Kedah, Tunku Abdul Hamid Thani ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah and wife.


Lee Art said...

Hi, Everyone,

Does anyone know the children of Tunku Mariam and Tunku Ahmad Taj ud-din?

Tunku Ahmad Taj ud-din is the third son of Regent of Kedah, Tunku Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan abdul Hamid Halim Shah.

Please email the reply to

Thank you.

Yours Sincerely,

Anonymous said...

Does anyone know of Tunku Ahmad Tunku Yahaya of the Kedah Royal Family lineage? Does he have any other children besides Tunku Jamil Tunku Ahmad? Thank you.

Anonymous said...

why dont you do a research regarding kedah royal family, started from Sultan Abdul Hamid ibni Al mahrum sultan abd halim shah.

Radin87 said...

Yup, i still doing the research regarding the Kedah Royal Family. Currently i am facing the two history section of Kedah. First, Kedah is a hindu kingdom in the past.. and second is the Siamese Kedah pasai Ma, which claim that the Sultanate is a Muslim Sultanate since its foundation.

The more I dig, the more complicated it become...

Anonymous said...

Sila ambil perhatian, ada lelaki berusia lingkungan 30an mengaku anak kepada Tunku Annuar dengan gelaran ADIK

adnan saad said...

Assalammualaikum Tengku Abd.Hamid Thani..kita pernah berkawan semasa di hostel Sultan Abd.Hamid Colleg e.Form 5 1969..and we both have something to remember..going back to istana anak bukit to make phone call.Semoga Tengku sihat sejahtera.

Mers said...

Hi, just need some answers. The 2nd wife of Sultan Abdul Halim - Sultanah Haminah, has she any children by him? I see there is no mention of it anywhere.

Radin87 said...


No. By two of his marriage, Sultan Abdul Halim only produce an only daughter, Tunku Intan Shafinaz by Sultanah Bahiyah.

Sultan Abdul Halim doesn't have any child by his marriage to Sultanah Haminah.

Anonymous said...

Tunku Johanez is the elder brother to Tunku Azudin Shah.

Furthermore the line of succession is correct when Tunku Bendahara assumes the throne. As it is, your line of succession is not accurate.

It should be Tuanku Raja Muda Kedah, Tunku Bendahara Kedah, Tunku Temenggong Kedah and then Tunku Laksmana Kedah as the more accurate line of succession .

Radin87 said...


Please reply if you see this message as soon as possible.
I have corrected the position of Tunku Azudin Shah and Tunku Johanez.. but regarding the line of succession..

are you talking about the line of succession or the order of precedence??

because, according to the line of succession.. it is the son of Tunku Bendahara who shall inherit first.

While the order of precedence is as you said, Raja Muda, Tunku Bendahara, Tunku Temenggong and Tunku Laksamana, based on seniority. But, in Kedah.. senior member of the royal family does not inherit first if the reigning Sultan has a son. Am I correct??

Anonymous said...

I am talking about the line of succession as it stands now. You are correct only when the Tunku Bendahara assumes the throne but until then the line of succession is the Raja Muda, the Tunku Bendahara , the Tunku Temenggong then the Tunku Laksmana.

The eldest son (nor his brothers) of the Tunku Bendahara is not more senior than his uncles Tunku Temenggong and Tunku Laksmana. The sons of Tunku Temenggong are not more senior than their uncle Tunku Laksmana.

If the first reigning Sultan has a son, he stands to inherit the throne but only if the Sultan himself has named hin as the successor and it has been passed or agreed by the Royal Council. However , this is very much subjected to the State Constitution of Kedah which I regret am not familiar with .

Radin87 said...

The State constitution stated that

Please differentiate the order of succession and the order of precedence. Under the order of precedence, yes.. Tunku Temenggong and Tunku Laksamana is more senior than Tunku Putra Badlishah, Tunku Johanez and Tunku Kudin (they are the Sultan's brother after all).

But, under the line of succession, the possibility of Tunku Putra Badlishah, Tunku Johanez and Tunku Kudin will inherit first is high.

Perkara 7 (a) Undang-Undang Tubuh Kerajaan Negeri Kedah Darul Aman pula menetapkan bahawa Takhta dan Kerajaan Negeri Kedah Darul Aman hendaklah turun temurun terletak kepada putera laki-laki yang tua kepada Almarhum Sultan Badlishah dan lepas daripada itu hendaklah turun temurun kepada zuriat laki-lakinya yang tua sekali daripada sebelah laki-laki yang ada dan hidup pada masa itu.

Anak Perelih said...

"The then Sultan, Ahmad Taj ud-din III al-Mukarram Shah, had already reigned for 27 years and was set to reign for a further 34. Without financial acumen of any kind, a series of Royal Regents ruled in his stead for much of his reign"

I believe this refers to Sultan Abdul Hamid.. grandfather of current Sultan Abdul Halim...

Daniel C said...

Bless you, Sultan.

Anonymous said...

hi there is a guy i met named haji naim? said him self the son of sultan is dis true? he is staying in instana bukit n very famous for few bad stories in kedah

Anonymous said...

Actually Sultan Abdul Halim had another daughter. I heard about it. She staying in Kuala Muda.

Radin87 said...

To both anonymous above.. His Majesty Tuanku Abd Halim only have a daughter, Tunku Intan Shafinaz and another two adopted daughters, Tunku Sarina and Tunku Soraya. It has been confirmed in the exhibition of Pameran Raja Kita held at the old National Palace.

Whether His Majesty had a son or another daughter is a false rumours. Do not believe them.

Zizzi25 said...

Thanks so much for this! I used to live in Alor Setar and met quite a few members of Kedah royalty. In fact, my neighbours were the family of the late Tunku Daud. Your blog brought back some very happy memories. Thanks again.

Anonymous said...

Sorry to bring this up. Back in 1974 there was a Year 6 trasferred student at SK St. John KL name by Tunku Mohd Naim & was known as the King's son to the school. Sultan Abd. Halim was the King frpm 1790-1975. He must 51 yo this year. Wallahualam hu bissawab.

Radin87 said...

Well, I hope this things should not be brought up. If really His Majesty had a son, why should he hide it? And there should be a research made to prove the claim.

for example, the kid's mother. Who is she? His son with whom? Invisible wife?

matt said...

Did you come across the name Engku Wan Jah who was one of the aunties ( (mak saudara) of Tunku Abdul Rahman?Did you come across

Anonymous said... sedang mencari salah silah keturunan keluarga saya,arwah ayah sy menyatakan bahawa keturunan kami adalah keturunan tengku kudin..dan mengikut pernyataan arwah ayah sy,datuk sy adalah tengku ahmad,yg mana beliau juga mempunyai kuasa tulah...dan terdapat kubur raja di pulau sayak...blh tlg perjelaskan

Radin87 said...

@anonymous :
Jika anda keturunan Tunku Kudin, maka keturunan anda bersambung dengan Sultan Zainal Rashid I yang memerintah pada 1845 -1854. Antara putera baginda adalah Tengku Dhiauddin (Tengku Kudin). Tengku Kudin mempunyai 3 orang putera iaitu :-

Tunku Muhammad Bahadur Shah
Tunku Hj Adnan
Tunku Haidar Ali Shah

Datuk anda Tunku Ahmad bin apa? Sebab anak daripada Tunku Bahadur adalah Tunku Sulaiman dan Tunku Yahaya, sementara anak daripada Tunku Haidar adalah Tunku Daud, Tunku Yahya dan Tunku Awang.
Tidak diketahui anak dari Tunku Adnan.

Anonymous said...

who is tunku zahira binti tunku zamil..anybodys know?


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