Sultan Idris Shah II was the 33rd Sultan of Perak Darul Ridzuan. He ruled the State for almost 21 years. During his reign, the State of Perak alongside other States of Malaya formed the new federation called Malaysia alongside the new States of Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah.
Sultan Idris Shah II was born at Istana Negara, Bukit Chandan, Perak in the Royal City of Kuala Kangsar on 12th August 1924. He was the eldest surviving son of Sultan Iskandar Shah al-Kaddasullah by his third wife, Raja Puteh Umi Kalsom binti Raja Kulop Muhammad Kramat. He was first appointed as Hereditary Prince and was invested with the title of Raja Di Hilir of Perak on 10th May 1934. He was 10 years old at that time. He later were promoted as the Raja Bendahara of Perak on 15th October 1938. He was finally appointed as the Heir Apparent of the State and invested with the title of Raja Muda of Perak (Crown Prince) on 12th July 1948 when he was just 24 years old.
He ascended the throne of Perak after the death of his cousin, Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Shah on 4th January 1963. He was proclaimed as the Sultan of Perak on 6th January 1963 and officially installed at Istana Iskandariah, Kuala Kangsar on 26th October 1963.
CONSORT AND FAMILY
Sultan Idris Shah II married a total of 8 times in his lifetime. Several of his marriages ended up in divorced.
Raja Noor Izzah
Sultan Idris Shah II is first married to his cousin, Raja Noor Izzah binti Raja Ali at Kuala Kangsar on 12th August 1943. She was styled as Raja Puan Besar of Perak (Crown Princess) in 1948 when Sultan Idris Shah was appointed as Raja Muda at the time. The marriage is childless. She was divorced on 17th October 1957.
Raja Muzwin, the Raja Perempuan of Perak
Sultan Idris Shah II is secondly married to Raja Muzwin binti Raja Arif Shah in 1944 during the end of World War II. She was granted the title as Raja Puan Besar of Perak (Crown Princess) on 24th November 1957 after Raja Noor Izzah was divorced. She eventually become the principle consort of the Sultan and been invested the title as Raja Perempuan of Perak (Queen of Perak) by Sultan Idris Shah II at Istana Iskandariah, Kuala Kangsar on 26th October 1963. She remain to be his wife until his demise in 1984. The marriage produced 5 children, 2 sons and 3 daughters. Nevertheless, only 4 survived to adulthood.
1. Raja Nazhatul Shima, Raja Puan Mahkota (1952)
2. Raja Iskandar Zulkarnain, Raja Kechil Besar of Perak
3. Raja Zarith Sofia, the Sultanah of Johor (1959)
4. Raja Jamil Ariffin. (1962)
5. Raja Radziatul Zahar (b. 1965 ; died young)
The third wife of Sultan Idris Shah was Che Asmah. Not much is known regarding Che Asmah, nevertheless the marriage ended up in divorced. The marriage produced a son.
1. Raja Izzudin Iskandar. (1954)
The fourth wife of Sultan Idris Shah II was Che Hanizah Abdullah. Her maiden name before conversion to Islam was Annie Chin. Much is unknown regarding Che Hanizah, and the marriage ended up in divorced prior to 1962. The marriage nevertheless produced three children, 2 sons and a daughter.
1. Raja Shahruzzaman
2. Raja Halimathon Shahrin (1957)
3. Raja Alang Iskandar (1958)
Che Aminah, Che Puan Negara
The fifth wife of Sultan Idris Shah II was Che Aminah Abdullah. She was married to Sultan Idris Shah II in 1961. Her maiden name was Amy Lim Kam Fong and took the name Aminah upon reversion to Islam. She was invested the title as Yang Teramat Mulia Che Puan Negara (Her Highness Che Puan Negara) on 4th March 1963 and was officially installed at Istana Kinta, Ipoh on 27th February 1964. The marriage is childless and ended up in divorced on 6th April 1974.
The sixth wife of Sultan Idris Shah II was Sharifah Salmah binti Syed Ahmad Al-Kaf. She was married to Sultan Idris Shah II on 30th March 1964 at Government House, Melaka. She was the former wife of Sultan Salehuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor. She remain to be his wife until his demise in 1984. The marriage produced 3 children, 2 sons and a daughter.
1. Raja Shahruddin Rashid
2. Raja Juliana Rafeah (1970)
3. Raja Ahmaddin Razman (1971)
The seventh wife of Sultan Idris Shah II was Che Satira Abdullah. She was married to Sultan Idris Shah II on 9th December 1967. Her maiden name was Suteen and took the name Satira upon her reversion to Islam. The marriage is childless. She remain to be his wife until his demise in 1984.
The eighth wife of Sultan Idris Shah II was Che Norizan binti Haji Hamzah. The marriage produced 2 children, a son and a daughter. She remain to be his wife until his demise in 1984.
1. Raja Saidatul Mardhiah (1981)
2. Raja Shuib (1982)
Sultan Idris Shah II received his first education at Malay School Bukit Chandan on 5th January 1931, but later he was admitted to English School Clifford in Kuala Kangsar. He further his studies at Malay College Kuala Kangsar on December 1938. From 1934 to 1945, he has served in the State's Public Services. He later received his training in administration and was served at State's of Perak Secretary Office. In prior to his elevation as the Crown Prince, he was studied in the University of London, UK.
Sultan Idris Shah II died while touring in Lumut, Perak after ruled the State of Perak for 21 years. His remainder was been put to rest at Royal Mausoleum Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar. His posthumous name is Marhum Afifullah.