Wednesday, September 15, 2010

Kelantan Royal Family

Assalamualaikum and Peace be upon all of you.
Welcome to my blog.

On 13th September 2010, 15 members of Royal Succession council of Kelantan has made a decision to proclaim Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra as the new Sultan of Kelantan replacing his ailing father, Sultan Ismail Petra.

The Sultan of Kelantan is styled as HRH Al-Sultan of Kelantan. The current Sultan of Kelantan is HRH Sultan Muhammad V. He is the 29th Sultan of Kelantan.

The consort of the ruler of Kelantan is styled as Raja Perempuan of Kelantan. The position is currently vacant.


Kelantan was once a powerful state with ancient trade links with China, Champa and India, but became tributary to the Majapahit Empire during the 13th and 14th centuries. It re-established its independence under Raja Kumar, ca. 1411. It became an important centre for trade and commerce during the fifteenth century, but fell to Malacca in 1499. Following the Portuguese conquest of Malacca in 1511, the state disintegrated into several petty principalities. These principalities were conquered again by the Siamese and made subject to Patani I 1603.

In 1760, a certain Kubang Labu succeeded in unifying the disparate territories into a single state once more, but he was overthrown four years later. Long (Luang) Yunus seized the throne and proclaimed himself Raja of Kelantan in 1764 but the state fell under the control of Trengganu after his death. Long Muhammad, younger son of Yunus, declared himself Sultan in 1800. He was eventually accepted by the Siamese as ruler of a separate tributary, twelve years later. Kelantan was transferred to British protection by the terms of the Anglo-Siamese treaty of 1909. Britain paying Siam for all outstanding debts and assuming responsibility for them in Siam's stead. Negeri Kelantan Dar ul-Naim became one of the Unfederated Malay States in 1911.

The Japanese invaded Kelantan on 8th December and were in full occupation by the 22nd of December 1941. They transferred Kelantan to Thai control in 1943. The state was freed from Japanese occupation on 8th September 1945 and became a state of the Federation of Malaya on 1st February 1948. It joined the other states of the peninsular to form the Federation of Malaya on 31st August 1957 and became a state of Malaysia on 16th September 1963.


flag of al-sultan of kelantan
Royal Standard of Sultan of Kelantan

flag of queen of kelantan
Royal Standard of Queen of Kelantan

flag of the crown prince of kelantan
Royal Standard of Crown Prince of Kelantan


Sultan Muhammad V and the Crown Prince

HRH Sultan Muhammad V married to Tengku Zubaidah bt Tengku Nuruddin of Pattani Royal Family. The marriage ended up in divorced and does to produced any child.


The official Palace of Sultan of Kelantan is Istana Balai Besar (Palace of Great Hall), located at Kota Bharu, Kelantan.


The Residential Palace to the Sultan of Kelantan is Istana Kubang Kerian (Kubang Kerian Palace), located at Kubang Kerian, Kelantan.


The Residential Palace to the Crown Prince of Kelantan is Istana Mahkota Kubang Kerian (Crown Palace of Kubang Kerian)



**line of succession to the Kelantanese throne

  1. Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra ibni Sultan Ismail Petra, Tengku Mahkota
  2. Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra ibni Sultan Ismail Petra
  3. Tengku Dr. Muhammad Faziharudean bin Tengku Feissal
  4. Tengku Ibrahim Farihadean bin Tengku Feissal
  5. Tengku Ismail Fadil bin Tengku Feissal
  6. Tengku Abdul Halim ibni almarhum Sultan Ibrahim, Tengku Laksamana
  7. Tengku Ariez Hazaril bin Tengku Abdul Halim
  8. Tengku Adrei bin Tengku Ariez Hazaril
  9. Tengku Adil Hazraq bin Tengku Abdul Halim
**subject to changes


Some of the pictures of the royal family :-

The picture of Sultan of Kelantan,
(During the proclamation ceremony)

Proclamation ceremony; Sultan Muhammad Faris Petra (left) and Menteri Besar of Kelantan, Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (right)


(personal pictures of the Sultan of Kelantan)




The picture of Crown Prince of Kelantan,


(during the Proclamation ceremony)


(Personal pictures of the Crown Prince of Kelantan)




Radin87 said...

AA said...

There were errors in your posting. Probably you can check the details further. First, The HH Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin (for royal wife of the current HRH the Sultan of Kelantan)is not a member of Pattani Royal Family instead she is from Jambu Royal Family. Jambu is a principality state in southern part of Thailand. Jambu and Pattani has no family ties. Second, in Kelantan (and all other Malay states in Peninsular Malaysia), the sultante have not practice a system/law that determine the exact line of succession. They only install a crown prince as the heir apparent to the throne. Other than the Crown Prince, other princes of the state has almost equal standing, with sons of the reigning sultan take precedence to the others. The Royal Council (in Kelantan, it is called Majlis Perajaan Negeri) is the sole ruling body under the constitution determines the next sultan of the state.

Radin87 said...


First of all, thank you for your comment in the blog. Regarding Tengku Zubaidah, I did not aware of the existence of Jambu Royalty. So I will check later about it.

Secondly, about the line of succession, I have checked it beforehand, all states with exception of Negeri Sembilan and Perak only stated that the throne shall be succeed by the sons of the king, preceded by his brothers, uncles and their male descendant. The line of succession in accordingly unless the State's Royal Council of Succession says otherwise. In other word, the line of succession is applicable unless the council chooses not to do so.

In Perak, those who in the line of succession need to be appointed by the Sultan. While in Negeri Sembilan, no direct heir apparent as the 4 inheritance prince has equal standing.

Anonymous said...

Historical facts were being disseminated wrongly,but I don't blame you.If you cared to prospect 'deeper',ours' was actually an Indian kingdom descended.Initial kings in Thailand,Cambodia were of Indian origins too.One must go farther back to know the truth....


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