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In the past, I have post a topic about the King of Malaysia. Today, I will present the topic of Malaysia Royal Family starting from the Johor Royal Family. (more information can be refer here : http://radin87.blogspot.com/2010/01/johor-royal-family.html)
Johor Royal Family is the family member to the rulers of Johor and its sovereign, The Sultan of Johor. The consort for the Sultan is called Sultanah of Johor. HRH Sultan Iskandar al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail is the 24th Sultan of Johor and the 4th Sultan of modern Johor. He reign started since 1981 until 22 January 2010. He has reign for 29 years. Following his death, the throne is passed to his first son, Sultan Ibrahim Ismail ibni al-marhum Sultan Iskandar al-Haj.
The Sultanah of Johor is HRH Sultanah Hjh Zanariah Ibn Almarhum Tengku Panglima Perang Ahmad.
Sultanate of Johor is the descendant of the former Sultanate of Malacca. In its peak, the Sultanate of Johor covers the area of Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Singapura and Riau Archipelago. The Sultanate of Johor was founded by Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II, the son of Sultan Mahmud of Malacca. The Sultanate of Johor has been ruled by 3 dynasties, the descendent of Malacca royalty, the Bendahara and the Temenggung dynasties.
The history of Modern Johor started with the downfall of the Johor-Riau Empire after the death of Sultan Mahmud III. The succession dispute arise between the two Princes of Sultan Mahmud III, Tengku Hussein and Tengku Abdul Rahman. Tengku Hussein was absent during the funeral of Sultan Mahmud III, thus, Tengku Abdul Rahman was proclaimed as the new Sultan. Stamford Raffles, in his attempt to gain a British Settlement in Singapore orchestrated the English-Dutch Treaty resulted the Empire to split into two, the Riau-Lingga Archipelago under Sultan Abdul Rahman and Singapore and the mainland Johor to Sultan Hussein. After the death of Sultan Hussein in 1835, his first son succeed the throne as Sultan Muhammad Ali.
British who resides in Singapore are in favour of Temenggung Tun Ibrahim as the ruler of Johor. Thus, in 1855, Sultan Ali signed a treaty of handing over the sovereignty to Temenggung Tun Ibrahim as the Ruler of Johor with exception of the Kesang District, which is still under the rule of Sultan Muhammad Ali. In the same year, Temenggung Tun Ibrahim was installed as the ruler of Johor with the title as Maharaja of Johor. He founded Bandar Iskandar Puteri located at Tanjung Puteri (present day Johor Bahru) as the new Capital. The peninsular of Johor prosper under the ruled of Tun Ibrahim, the Maharaja of Johor. Nevertheless, the condition is not the same with Sultan Ali who failed to establish his authority in the Kesang District. With the death of Sultan Ali in 1877, an 11-year old Tengku Mahmood became his successor. And the Kesang District was handed over temporarily to the administration Temenggung Abu Bakar, Maharaja of Johor.
Tengku Alam Shah, an heir of Sultan Ali refused the hand-over of Kesang District by Colonel Archibald Anson to Temenggung Abu Bakar. The event trigger the civil war of Johor known as the Jementah War, as the first attack made by Tengku Alam and his follower is Jementah and winning the battle. A headsman of Jementah sent report to the Government of Johor. Thus, as counter attack, Maharaja Abu Bakar sent his cousin, Ungku Ahmad to led the army. Later, Datuk Muhammad Salleh bin Perang, the Datuk Bentara Luar was also sent to the battlefield to assist the government army which consist of about 400 men. The Government Army conquered the enemy stronghold and achieving total victory at the dawn of 30 December 1879. With the won of the war, a new town known as Bandar Maharani was founded by Maharaja Abu Bakar in the Muar District. In 1885, Maharaja Abu Bakar was proclaimed as Sultan of Johor and officially crowned on 29th July 1886. Thus, Sultan Abu Bakar was known as the Father of Modern Johor.
Johor also is the only state in Malaysia to have its own army, Askar Timbalan Setia Negeri, Johor Military Force (JMF) which currently serves as the private army to the Sultan of Johor. The protocol of the Johor Royalty are differs with the other Malay royal families where the protocol are mostly adapted from the Western Style rather than Malay Protocol. The Military attire is the officials attire of the Sultan and Sultanah of Johor. Among the popular event among the Johoreans is the "Kembara Mahkota Johor", an annual events. In this event, the Sultan and the members of the royal family will tour all around Johor to see his subjects.
(with Cik Kalthom)
- Tunku Kamariah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah (1956)
- Tunku Zabedah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah (1957)
- Tunku Ibrahim Ismail (1958)
- Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah (1960)
(with Sultanah Zanariah)
- Tunku Mariam Zahrah (1962)
- Tunku Norani Fatimah (1963)
- Tunku Maimunah Ismailiah (1967)
- Tunku Abdul Majid Idris (1970)
- Tunku Muna Najiah (1973)
- Tunku Aminah Kalsom Masera Marian Zahira Iskandariah (1979)
* Tunku Ibrahim Ismail married with Raja Zarith Sofiah binti almarhum Sultan Idris Shah, their married is blessed with 5 sons and 1 daughter.
Tunku Ismail Idris (1984), Tunku Aminah (1986), Tunku Idris Iskandar (1987), Tunku Abdul Jalil Iskandar (1990), Tunku Abdul Rahman (1993), Tunku Abu Bakar Iman (2001).
* Tunku Abdul Majid Idris married with Tunku Teh Mazni binti Tunku Yusuf. Currently has 1 son.
Tunku Mahmood Iskandar (2006)
The Palace of the Sultan of Johor located at Johor Bahru. The Bukit Serene Palace. Located on top of a hill. The previous palace was the Istana Besar Johor Bahru that has been change into a museum.
Only a male heir descendants of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor can inherit the throne.
**Here are the line of successions to the Johor throne;
- Tunku Ibrahim Ismail ibni Sultan Iskandar al-Haj, (Tunku Mahkota Johor)
- Tunku Ismail Idris bin Tunku Ibrahim Ismail, (Raja Muda Johor)
- Tunku Idris Iskandar bin Tunku Ibrahim Ismail
- Tunku Abdul Jalil Iskandar bin Tunku Ibrahim Ismail
- Tunku Abdul Rahman bin Tunku Ibrahim Ismail
- Tunku Abu Bakar Iman bin Tunku Ibrahim Ismail
- Tunku Abdul Majid Idris ibni Sultan Iskandar al-Haj, (Tunku Bendahara Johor)
- Tunku Mahmood Iskandar bin Tunku Abdul Majid
- Tunku Abu Bakar ibni alMarhum Tunku Bendahara 'Abdu'l Rahman ibni almarhum Sultan Ismail
- Tunku 'Abdu'l Rahman [Alman] Burhan ud-din bin Tunku Abu Bakar
**subject to changes...
Some of the pictures of the Royal Family :-
Sultan and Sultanah of Johor
The Tunku Mahkota of Johor and wife.
The Tunku Bendahara of Johor and wife :-